QUnit with Grunt - A minimal JavaScript unittest example

Writing testable JavaScript code is in my eyes sometimes more complex as writing testable code in other programming languages. JavaScript has it roots in the web development and the normal environment for JavaScript code was the web browser. There was always the global document object. Node.js has changed this assumption.

Is QUnit the right testing framework?

I prefer Mocha for small JavaScript libraries that aren't interacting with web browser elements or objects like document for example. But while writing JavaScript modules, plugins, libraries for a website that should run in all current web browser I prefer QUnit as JavaScript unittesting framework. QUnit gives me a minimal HTML document that can be tested in all needed browsers manually but also automatically with the Grunt plugin grunt-contrib-qunit to run the tests in the command line with the headless PhantomJS browser.

QUnit - minimal example

Let us assume we have a minimal QUnit test setup with the following files.

qunit-example/
|-- lib.js
|-- test.html
`-- tests.js

text.html

The test.html looks like this.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
    <title>QUnit Example</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://code.jquery.com/qunit/qunit-2.0.1.css">
</head>
<body>
    <div id="qunit"></div>
    <div id="qunit-fixture"></div>
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/qunit/qunit-2.0.1.js"></script>
    <script src="lib.js"></script>
    <script src="tests.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

lib.js

The lib.js has just the global function addToNumbers that we want to test with our unittests. Please imagine that the function addToNumbers is doing weird stuff with the HTML elements that can be placed in the qunit-fixture element.

function addToNumbers( numberOne, numberTwo ) {
    return numberOne + numberTwo;
}

tests.js

Here the content of the tests.js that is testing the function addToNumbers from above.

QUnit.test( "addToNumbers test", function( assert ) {
    assert.equal( 5, addToNumbers( 3, 2 ), "5, addToNumbers(3, 2); equal succeeds" );
});

Result

The result in the browser should look something like that if we open the file test.html in the browser.

QUnit minimal test example

QUnit via Grunt in the command line

We will expand the minimal example from above to run the tests in the command line via Grunt. We will add the files package.json and Gruntfile.js so that our file structure should look like this.

qunit-example/
|-- node_modules/
|-- Gruntfile.js
|-- lib.js
|-- package.json
|-- test.html
`-- tests.js

package.json

Here is the minimal content of the package.json file that contains our devDependencies.

{
    "devDependencies": {
        "grunt": "^1.0.1",
        "grunt-contrib-qunit": "^1.2.0"
    }
}

We can install our devDependencies with the following npm command.

npm install

Gruntfile.js

And here the minimal Gruntfile.js.

module.exports = function( grunt ) {
    grunt.initConfig( {
        qunit: {
            all: "test.html"
        }
    } );
    grunt.loadNpmTasks( "grunt-contrib-qunit" );
};

Run QUnit in PhantomJS

The following command will run our QUnit tests in PhantomJS. Make sure that you have grunt-cli installed.

grunt qunit
Running "qunit:all" (qunit) task
Testing test.html .OK
>> 1 assertions passed (35ms)

Done.
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